But bacteria have evolved too. Given the right conditions, bacteria can cause small wounds to become large, chronic infections.
Microbiologists have learned that bacteria can work together to switch from a colonizing mode, where they are focused on proliferation, to a protective mode, where they are focused on self-preservation. Bacteria can survive repeated curative attempts by creating a coating, or biofilm, that is very resistant to antibiotics and human immune factors.
Curing the underlying wound can be very difficult until this biofilm is removed. For example, antiseptics can kill bacteria but cannot by themselves disrupt or remove the biofilm. Surgeons believe the bacterial biofilm can only be successfully disrupted through mechanical debridement, typically performed on a repeated basis until the wound has fully healed.
With the right safeguards, pressurized hydrotherapy offers an optimal approach to selective mechanical debridement.
Click here to learn more about mechanical debridement.